4/27/18

Time Expressions



Time Expressions:



  • time - waçt/waçet {çawçât}
  • moment - laxźa {ât}
  • second - sênye {sawêni}/taqqe {êt}
  • minute - dçîça {daçâyiç}
  • hour/watch - sêýa {ât}
  • half-hour - noşş sêýa
  • day - yôm {çiyyêm}
  • week - jomýa/çisbûý {çasêbîý}
  • month - caher {çachor/chûr}
  • year - sine {snîn}
  • century - çaren {çurûn}
  • now - hallaç
  • later - baýdên
  • a little after - baýed cwayy
  • today - l-yôm
  • an hour ago - min sêýa
  • two days ago - min yawmên
  • three days ago - min tlitt-iyyêm
  • present-day - mnil-yôm
  • each day - qill yôm
  • everyday - qill il-çiyyêm
  • day after day - yôm baýd yôm
  • no day - wala yôm
  • sometimes - min waçt la-waçt
  • one time - marra
  • many times - ýiddit marrât/marrât qtîre
  • this year - has-sine
  • last year - s-sine l-mâðye
  • next year - s-sine l-jêye
  • always - dêyman/ýa-ţûl/ýala ţûl
  • never - çabadan/hayhêt
  • forever - dêyme
  • tomorrow - buqra
  • tomorrow morning - buqra ýa-buqra
  • yesterday - mbêrix/mbêrxa
  • before yesterday - çawwal mbêrix
  • daytime - nhâr {ât}
  • morning - şubox {şubxiyyêt}
  • noon - ðohor {ðohriyyêt}/noşş ni-nhâr
  • afternoon - baýd ið-ðohor
  • evening - ýaciyye
  • tonight - hal-masa
  • at night - bil-masa/bil-leyl
  • night - leyl {layêli}
  • one night - layle
  • midnight - noşş il-leyl
  • weekend - nihêyt il-çisbûý
  • just a second - taqqe zgîre
  • early - baqqîr
  • earlier - çabqar
  • late - mçakkar
  • very late - qtîr mçakkar
  • soon - çarîban
  • third - tilet
  • quarter - ribeý
  • half - noşş
  • minus/less - çilla
  • a little - cwayy
  • a lot - qtîr
  • before - çabel
  • after - baýd
  • daily - yawmi
  • weekly - çusbûýi
  • monthly - cahri
  • future - mistaçbal
  • present - xâðir
  • past - mâði
  • calendar - riznêma {êt}


Clock Times:



  • What time is it? - çaddê s-sêýa?
  • It's one o'clock [1:00] - s-sêýa wêxde
  • It's five past two [2:05] - s-sêýa tnên w-kamse
  • It's quarter past three [3:15] - s-sêýa tlête w-ribeý
  • It's twenty past four [4:20] - s-sêýa çarbýa w-tilet
  • It's half past five [5:30] - s-sêýa kamse w-noşş
  • It's twenty-five to seven [6:35] - s-sêýa sitte w-noşş w-kamse
  • It's twenty to eight [7:40] - s-sêýa tmêne çilla tilet
  • It's quarter to nine [8:45] - s-sêýa tisýa çilla ribeý
  • It's ten to ten [9:50] - s-sêýa ýacra çilla ýacra
  • It's five to eleven [10:55] - s-sêýa xdaýc çilla kamse
  • It's twelve noon [12:00] - s-sêýa tnaýc ið-ðohor
  • It's twelve midnight [24:00] - s-sêýa tnaýc bil-leyl


Examples:


A new watch/clock - sêýa jdîde
Two seconds - taqtên
Ten seconds - ýacer sawêni
Five minutes - kams daçâyiç
Two hours - sêýtên
Three hours - tlitt sêýât
Twenty four hours - ýarbýa w-ýicrîn sêýa
Two days - yawmên
Four days - çarbaýt-iyyêm
Two weeks - jomýtên
Two and a half months - cahrên w-noşş
Two years - sintên
Three years - tlitt snîn
One hundred years - mît sine
Days of the week - çiyyêm il-çisbûý
Months of the year - chûr is-sine
At what time does the first class begin? - çayya sêýa biballic çawwal şaff?



Flashcards:






4/24/18

Ordinal Numbers


Ordinal Numbers:


  • first - çawwal (çawle)
  • second - têni (tênye)
  • third - têlit (têlte)
  • fourth - râbiý (râbýa)
  • fifth - kêmis (kêmse)
  • sixth - sêdis (sêdse)
  • seventh - sêbiý (sêbýa)
  • eighth - têmin (têmne)
  • ninth - têsiý (têsýa)
  • tenth - ýâcir (ýâcra)
  • last - çêkir


Examples:


The first year - çawwal sine/s-sine l-çawle
The third time - têlit marra/l-marra t-têlte
The tenth day - ýacir yôm/l-yôm l-ýacir
The last floor - çêkir ţâbiç/ţ-ţâbiç l-çêkir

Notes:


  • Ordinal numbers are invariable when placed before a noun, but they must agree in gender when placed after. 
  • Ordinal numbers after 'tenth' are not used in Lebanese Arabic, they are replaced by the word 'Number - raçem' followed by a cardinal number, e.g. 'the eleventh man - rijjêl raçem xdaýc'.


Flashcards: